Gorilla Refuses To Let Go Of Dead Baby A Week After Its Death

Gorilla Refuses To Let Go Of Dead Baby A Week After Its Death



These images of a gorilla called Shira who lives at a Frankfurt Zoo in Germany are shocking and heartbreaking, and it goes to show just how much mothers hurt when they lose their children.

Reportedly, Shira’s baby died a week ago but the grieving mother refuses to let go of the dead child, holds onto it, hugs and kisses and tries woefully to wake it up.


Shira walks across the yard each day, carrying her baby like it is still alive. At night, she puts the dead baby on her chest and wakes up each morning trying to make it wake up.


“This is often the case with gorillas. The bond between mothers and their babies is particularly close,” Niekisch said. “Shira needs time and space to come to terms with her loss. We will wait until she gives the baby up, retrieve it and find out what killed it.”


Shira’s grieve is reportedly also traced to the fact that her first baby, a boy Tanadu, died at 6months after catching a viral infection, and Shira is said to have tried in vain too to wake it up.

13-year-old builds his own mini-house in his backyard, look inside and be impressed

13-year-old builds his own mini-house in his backyard, look inside and be impressed


Most middle schoolers probably have other things on their minds besides building houses.

But Luke Thill, a 13-year-old from Dubuque, Iowa, is unlike any other middle schooler you’ve seen before.

This talented and proactive boy has crafted his very own little house — in his parents’ backyard.

The project cost him roughly $1,500 USD — and now Luke is living his dream in his little cottage.

Come on in and have a look at what it looks like inside.

I think it’s safe to say that Luke is not like many of his 13-year-old peers. In a time of iPads, smart phones, gadgets and X Boxes, this young man decided to keep himself busy in a different and more ‘old-fashioned’ way. As he explains on his YouTube channel, his desire to build a small house grew out of feeling bored during last summer.

After some thorough researching, Luke had a pretty good idea of how he was going to put his plan into action.

The Process

It took him about a year to get the money and materials he needed to build the house. Luke mowed lawns, started a fund-raiser online and ran errands for anyone who needed help in the neighborhood to make money.

An electrician Luke was friends with helped him install the electricity in exchange for Luke cleaning his garage out, for instance.

Luke used about 75 percent recycled material, many of which were things left over from his grandma’s house. The front door of the house was a gift from an uncle’s friend.

The 89-square-foot house is 10 feet long and 5 1/2 feet wide, with electricity but no plumbing, so no water or bathroom… yet.

“I liked the minimalism,” he told The Des Moines Register. “And I wanted to have a house without a huge mortgage.”

Luke has made several video clips and posted them on online, where he talks about his project as many have grown curious about the little house.

As you can imagine, Luke also received some help from his parents, both financially and with the building itself.

But dad Greg made sure that it would be Luke himself who would pay for most of his project and also build most of it himself.

“It was a chance for a kid to do something more than play video games or sports,” Greg told The Des Moines Register. “It teaches life lessons.”

Teenager’s Dream

The house is in many ways a teenager’s dream, an oasis where you can chill and hang out in. It has a microwave, a TV and a loft with a bed.

There’s even a barbecue and flowers at the back.

Indigenous boy crawls into small, dirty culvert to rescue puppies

Indigenous boy crawls into small, dirty culvert to rescue puppies

A northern Manitoba boy is being hailed as a hero after he crawled into a tiny, dirty culvert to rescue three pups Wednesday afternoon.

Cathie Mieyette of Spirit of Hope Rescue said Gabe Moose, 9, of South Indian Lake was playing outside when he heard crying.

“He didn’t know where it came from, so he did a little investigating to go to where the sounds were coming from and the cries, the cries were getting louder,” she said. “And when he got there, he got to a culvert. And as you can see in the picture, the opening’s pretty little.

“And so he looked in and he couldn’t see anything, because it’s total darkness, but he heard the cries and he wiggled his little body in there and he pulled out three babies and got them out.”

Gabe clutched the three to his chest and ran home, Mieyette said. While Gabe’s mother called Spirit of Hope Rescue, a Winnipeg-based dog rescue that works with First Nations, Gabe gave the three pups a bath, then reunited them with their mother, who was nearby and happy to see her puppies.

Mieyette said she doesn’t know how the puppies ended up in the culvert in the community, which is 775 kilometres north of Winnipeg.

“I don’t know if the mum had them or if other people put them in there to dispose of them. I don’t know what the true story is.”

The puppies are about three weeks old and could have wandered away or their mother could have placed them there for protection, she said.

The puppies and mother will be fostered then placed for adoption, Mieyette said.

“We’re hoping to get a committed foster who will foster for one month, and then we can bring mum and all the three babies in, have them safe here in Winnipeg.”

“This gives me faith and hope that honestly, the next generation is not going to be doing what some people are doing right now to the dogs. We get so many bad days in rescue, and all rescues get the bad days, but when you see this, it’s uplifting. You go, ‘Yes. Thank you.’”

Photos Of Native American Veterans Standing Up For Standing Rock Last December

Photos Of Native American Veterans Standing Up For Standing Rock Last December


More than three thousand veterans arrived at Standing Rock on the first weekend of December last year to support the water protectors who were there to show their resistance to the Dakota Access oil pipeline. They came in buses and cars. They came to support the water protectors at Standing Rock.

U.S. Representative Tulsi Gabbard (D – Hawaii) came to Standing Rock to show her support. Gabbard, a U.S. Army veteran who served two tours of duty in Iraq said Standing Rock was a beginning of a powerful movement.

U.S. Representative Tulsi Gabbard.

“Our real fight is protect water that protects life of our people and our planet,” Gabbard told the veterans.

Two veterans in a crowd.

On Sunday, December 4, 2016, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers said it would not grant a permit for an easement in Missouri River near Standing Rock for the 1,172-mile pipeline pending a full Environmental Impact Statement with “full public input and analysis.”

At the time, this move appeared to be a major victory for the Standing Rock SIoux Tribe and the water protectors camped at Standing Rock. Sadly, the Trump administration put pressure on the Army Corps in the early days of the new administration.

Veterans held signs that read “Veterans stand for Standing Rock.”

Below are two veterans who celebrated with thousands of others at Standing Rock on a bright sunny December Sunday afternoon.

Wesley Clark, Jr. led a group of veterans who asked for forgiveness from Lakota elders for past U.S. military crimes committed against American Indians.

Leonard Crow Dog in wheel chair and other Lakota elders and Wes Clark, Jr.

Veterans march in snow storm to barricade on highway on Monday, December 5, 2016.

Steve Perry (Ottawa), Vietnam War veteran, from Traverse City, Michigan was among thousands of veterans who journeyed to Standing Rock.

1500 Year Old Bible Confirms That Jesus Christ Was Not Crucified

1500 Year Old Bible Confirms That Jesus Christ Was Not Crucified

Much to the dismay of the Vatican, an approx. 1500-2000 year old bible was found in Turkey, in the Ethnography Museum of Ankara. Discovered and kept secret in the year 2000, the book contains the Gospel of Barnabas – a disciple of Christ – which shows that Jesus was not crucified, nor was he the son of God, but a Prophet. The book also calls Apostle Paul “The Impostor”. The book also claims that Jesus ascended to heaven alive, and that Judas Iscariot was crucified in his place.

A report by The National Turk says that the Bible was seized from a gang of smugglers in a Mediterranean-area operation. The report states the gang was charged with smuggling antiquities, illegal excavations, and the possession of explosives. The books itself is valued as high as 40 Million Turkish Liras (approx. 28 mil. Dollars). Man, where is the Thieves Guild, when you need them?

According to reports, experts and religious authorities in Tehram insist that the book is original. The book itself is written with gold lettering, onto loosely-tied leather in Aramaic, the language of Jesus Christ. The text maintains a vision similar to Islam, contradicting the New Testament’s teachings of Christianity. Jesus also foresees the coming of the Prophet Muhammad, who would found Islam 700 years later.It is believed that, during the Council of Nicea, the Catholic Church hand-picked the gospels that form the Bible as we know it today; omitting the Gospel of Barnabas (among many others) in favor of the four canonical gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Many biblical texts have begun to surface over time, including those of the Dead Sea and Gnostic Gospels; but this book especially, seems to worry the Vatican.

What does this mean to Christian-derived religions and their followers? Quite a tight spot. The Vatican has asked Turkish authorities to let them examine the contents of the book within the Church. Now that the book has been found, will they come to accept the it and its evidence? Will they deny it altogether? Call it a “Muslim lie”, as did the “Truth” Magazine, in 2000? To many, this book is a beacon of hope, that believers soon realize that the object of their adoration is arbitrary; and that all text, especially religious text, is subject to interpretation.

What does this mean to atheists/agnostics/secular thinkers? Not much… Is the text real? Fake? Does it matter? Not really… But hopefully, this news inspires the religious to ask questions, instead of pointing fingers or believing anything blindly. Please, don’t go poking fun or tossing around the “I told you so!”s. The biggest danger of faith is when people believe what they want to believe, defending against any and all evidence; especially when that evidence revolutionizes their foundation from the ground up. And the biggest culprit to that danger is the ego trap: rejecting/criticizing others, for being unlike you.For centuries, the “defense” of blind faith has driven nations to war, violence, discrimination, slavery and to become the society of automatons that we are today; and for just as long, it has been justified with lies. If you know better, act like it.


A Park Ranger Quietly Comforts A Sad Gorilla Who’s Just Lost His Mother

A Park Ranger Quietly Comforts A Sad Gorilla Who’s Just Lost His Mother

A heart-wrenching photo has surfaced recently, it shows a park ranger sitting and quietly comforting a gorilla.

This gorilla has sadly just lost its mother to poachers. The park ranger looks as dejected as the gorilla. The rangers put their life on the line daily to protect these beautiful creatures, because of this, they view every last one as family.

In the photo above, Patrick Karabaranga can be seen sitting with an orphaned mountain gorilla in Virunga National Park in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The gorilla can be seen showing his appreciation for the sympathy by tenderly placing his hand on the ranger’s leg.

This gorilla is one of three orphans living in the sanctuary. They had to be brought in after there after their parents were killed, either by poachers or as a result of illegal attempts by traffickers to smuggle them out of the park.

The gorilla can be seen showing his appreciation for the sympathy by tenderly placing his hand on the ranger’s leg.

This gorilla is one of three orphans living in the sanctuary. They had to be brought in after there after their parents were killed, either by poachers or as a result of illegal attempts by traffickers to smuggle them out of the park.

With more than 200 mountain gorillas, Virunga National Park accounts for about a quarter of the world’s mountain gorilla population.

While this might not be a typical Happiest post we really wanted to share this story with you today. It’s so important, it’s a tale of love and loss but most of all its a story of breathtaking compassion and understanding between animals and humans.





How American History Erases Mass Killings Against Native Americans

How American History Erases Mass Killings Against Native Americans


At the point when the media talks about a mass slaughtering in the United States just like the most noticeably awful in our history yet disregard other verifiable mass killings is a section to delete Native American genocide.Ever since Columbus contacted the indigenous individuals of the Caribbean in 1492, a time of colonization and abuse of the indigenous occupants for financial purposes.

Contained in the diaries of Columbus’ and his men are abominations a long ways outside the ability to grasp of humans.These supposed humanized individuals hacked up the groups of Natives individuals and nourished them to their chasing puppies, Kidnapped and sold pre-youngster young ladies in the sex exchange, oppression and checking whether one could cut through a Native with one stroke.In the Island countries that Columbus vanquished it is assessed that 3-5 million Indigenous individuals had vanished because of ailment and the ruthlessness of their strategies.

Afterward, the battle against Native individuals continued and spread all through the western hemisphere.The coming about butcher drove by the alleged humanized Europeans was in the quantity of 100 million. In North America alone, it is evaluated the 20-50 million individuals were lost in the ruthless battles of Europeans in the Americas.The eradication of Native American genocide from the Classrooms and pop culture serves to delete the disagreeable memory for the aggregate personality space.

In the event that you can make individuals overlook, it’s as though you’re exonerated of the wrongdoing. Post any mass shooting in the United States it is normal to peruse features, for example, “Most noticeably bad Shooting in US History”. The most exceedingly awful mass shooting happens against an overlooked people and utilizing that dialect serves to propagate American absent mindedness of its history.

Below is a small list of some of the worst mass killing in Northern America:1539 Napituca Massacre:

1541-42 Tiguex Massacres: 250 killed
1599 Acoma Massacre: 800 killed
1601 Sandia Mountains Tompiro Indians massacre: 900 killed
1623 Pamunkey Peace Talks: the English poison wine at peace talks with Powhatan 250 killed
1637 Mystic Massacre: colonist set fire to Pequot village 600-700 killed
1644 Pound Ridge Massacre: Lenape village burned by colonist 500 killed
1675 Great Swamp Massacre: Narragansett village attacked 340 killed
1676 Massacre at Occoneechee Island: Nathaniel Bacon turns on Occaneechi allies 100 killed
1676 Turner Falls Massacre: Indian fishing camp 100 killed
1676 Rhode Island: militia attacks band of Narragansetts 126 killed
1689 Zia Pueblo: Governor of New Mexico orders attack on Pueblos 600 killed
1704 Apalachee Massacre: Former Governor of
Florida orders attack on Apalachee 1,000 killed 2,000 enslaved
1712 Massacre at Fort Narhantes: North Carolina Militia attacks Tuscarora village 300 killed
1712 Fox Indian Massacre: French Troops attack Fox Indian village 1,000 killed
1713 Fort Neoheroka: Militia attacks Tuscarora village 1,100-1,200 killed
1730 Massacre at Fox Fort: French Troops attack Fox Indian village 500 killed
1747 Chama River Massacre: Spanish Troops attack Ute village 100 killed
1774 Spanish Peaks: Spanish Troops attack Comanche village 300 killed
1782 Gnadenhutten Massacre: Pennsylvania militiamen attack Lenape village 100 killed.
1805 Canyon del Muerto: Spanish Troops attack Navajo village 115 killed
1813 Tallushstchee: Tennessee Troops Attack Creek Town 200 killed
1813 Autossee Massacre: Georgia militia sets fire to Creek village 200 killed
1813 Hillabee Massacre: Tennessee Troops attack Creek village 65 killed
1818 Chehaw Massacre: US Troops attack Muscogee village 50 killed
1826 Dressing Creek Massacre: Texas settlers attack Karankawa village 50 killed
1832 Bad Axe Massacre: US soldiers attack Indian village 150 killed
1840 Council House Massacre: Attack against Comanche 88 killed
1840 Colorado River: Volunteer Rangers attack Comanche village 140 killed
1840 Clear Lake Massacre: Mexican Posse attacks Pomo and Wappo village 150 killed
1846 Sacramento River: US soldiers attack Yana village 200 killed
1847 Storming of Pueblo de Taos: US soldiers attack Pueblo de Taos 180 killed
1850 Bloody Island Massacre: US soldiers attack Pomo village 100 killed
1851 Old Shasta Town: Miners set fire to Wintu village 300 killed
1852 Hynes Bay Massacre: Texas militiamen attack Karankawa village 45 killed
1852 Bridge Gulch Massacre: California posse attacks Wintu village 150 killed
1852 Wright Massacre: White settlers attack a Modoc peace party 40 killed
1853 Howonquet Massacre: California settler’s attack and burn Howonquet village 70 killed
1853 Yontoket Massacre: Posse of California settlers attack Tolowa prayer ceremony 450 killed
1853 Archuleta Massacre: White settlers attack Tolowa village 150 killed
1854 Chetco River Massacre: White settlers attack Chetco village 40 killed
1855 Harney Massacre: US soldiers attack Sioux village 90 killed
1856 Grande Ronde River Valley Massacre: Washington volunteers attack Cayuse and Walla Walla village 60 killed
1858-1859 Round Valley Massacres: White settlers wage continuous attacks on Yuki villages 600 killed
1859 Pit River Massacre: White settlers attack Achomawi village 70 killed
1860 Massacre at Bloody Rock: White settlers attack Yuki village 65 killed
1860 Indian Island Massacre: White settlers attack Wiyot villages 250 killed
1861 Horse Canyon Massacre: White settlers attack Wailaki village 240 killed
1862 Tonkawa Massacre: Union soldiers attack Tonkawa village 400 killed
1863 Bear River Massacre: US soldiers attack Shoshone village 280 killed
1864 Oak Run Massacre: White settlers attack Yana’s at spiritual ceremony 300 killed
1864 Sand Creek Massacre: Colorado militia attacks Cheyenne village 160 killed
1865 Owens Lake Massacre: White vigilantes attack Paiute village 40 killed
1868 Washita Massacre: US soldiers attack Cheyenne village 140 killed
1870 Marias Massacre: US soldiers attack Piegan village 173 killed
1871 Camp Grant Massacre: White and Mexican posse attack Apache village 140 killed, 40 sold into slavery
1872 Skelton Cave Massacre: US troops attack Yavapai’s living in a cave 76 killed
1877 Big Hole Massacre: US troops attack Nez Perce village 90 killed
1879 Fort Robinson Massacre: US troops kill Northern Cheyenne’s fleeing imprisonment 77 killed
1890 Stronghold Massacre: South Dakota militiamen attack village in Pine Ridge 75 killed
1890 Wounded Knee Massacre: US troops open fire on Lakota at Wounded Knee 300 killed

Donkey crying out for people to help her Injured Baby… Now watch when her request is answered!

Donkey crying out for people to help her Injured Baby… Now watch when her request is answered!


This charming little donkey was trapped and after that assaulted by some wild animals… If you look carefully you’ll see that she had numerous awful injuries that could have end her life, however that is when mother began shouting out for help!

The poor baby donkey nearly abandoned life, however fortunately her moms cries were heard and somebody called for help… The boisterous moans were heard just in the nick of town and Animal Aid India was called and raced to help her!


Marijuana Chewing Gum to Relieve Fibromyalgia Pain

Marijuana Chewing Gum to Relieve Fibromyalgia Pain

The legalization of marijuana in many states has opened numerous perspectives and has resulted in many ingenious ideas for its use, expanding the range of medicinal marijuana products.

The evidence that cannabis is an effective method to treat painful and chronic conditions is undeniable. Additionally, it is more effective than leading traditional painkillers, and can also reduce seizures in severe epilepsy conditions.

Yet, the revolutionary product by MedChewRx is one of its kind and represents a cannabis chewing gum which treats chronic pain, specifically fibromyalgia.
It contains both CBD and THC, delivering 5mg of each. CBD is a non-psychoactive ingredient, so its numbs pain by blocking the pain receptors in the body in order to prevent their signals to the brain, but won’t make you ‘high’.

Image result for Marijuana Chewing Gum to Relieve Fibromyalgia Pain

This gum provides faster effects than smoking, as it bypasses the liver. As soon as CB reacts with the saliva, it quickly reaches the bloodstream and does not get processed by any other internal organ.
These are some of the benefits of chewing for pain sufferers:
It relieves stress
Stimulates the cardiovascular system
Has neuroprotective and neurostimulatory effects on the mind

Improves age-related cognitive decline
Furthermore, chewing marijuana gum is more socially accepted than smoking, so sufferers can relieve their pain anywhere at any time.
Axim Biotechnologies, the company that developed this product, is currently testing its effects but maintains that it will be available to purchase next year.
This chewing gum is believed to be a faster pain relief method in the case of painful conditions, especially fibromyalgia, and treat the symptoms and soon as they appear.

Amerindian Slave Trade and the Hidden Native American

Amerindian Slave Trade and the Hidden Native American

This one article will do more to open your eyes to a hidden aspect of history in the Americas, one that saw AMERINDIANS being the FIRST and the LAST human beings to be sold as slaves in the Americas – and as recently as 100 years ago also, when 30,000 Amazon Indian SLAVES were killed as slaves for the American Rubber industry (Big business that seeks profit at any human cost was the culprit once again).

It will also reveal how there are descendants of native tribes from all over North America & South America in the Caribbean islands (ESPECIALLY BARBADOS) today – who have no clue of the native DNA in their veins. Any white Barbadian who can trace his local white ancestors back to the years 1625-1700 in Barbados – will almost certainly have some degree of Amerindian DNA in them, whether they want to admit it or not….so common was the practice (recorded by many credible historical sources during this period) of English settler men in Barbados having Amerindian wives & ‘half breed’ children (that were recorded as ‘white’ upon baptism records) – who were captured elsewhere (North America, South America etc, and sold into slavery on this island. Even the infamous ‘Salem Witch Trials’ have a Barbados Island and Guyana ARAWAK Indian origin most people today are completely unaware of….until they read this article and the facts I lay out below.

Here is but one incident from the history of slavery in North America. In 1637, a group of Pequot Indians, men and boys, having risen up against English colonists in Connecticut and been defeated, were sold to plantations in the West Indies in exchange for African slaves, allowing the colonists to remove a resistant element from their midst. (The tribe’s women were pressed into service in white homes in New England, where domestic workers were sorely lacking).

How common was it for Indians to be enslaved by Euro-Americans? Counting can be difficult, because many instances of Native enslavement in the Colonial period were illegal or ad hoc and left no paper trail. But historians have tried. A few of their estimates: Thousands of Indians were enslaved in Colonial New England, according to Margaret Ellen Newell. Alan Gallay writes that between 1670 and 1715, more Indians were exported into slavery through Charles Town (now Charleston, South Carolina) than Africans were imported. Brett Rushforth recently attempted a tally of the total numbers of enslaved, and he told me that he thinks 2 million to 4 million indigenous people in the Americas, North and South, may have been enslaved over the centuries that the practice prevailed—a much larger number than had previously been thought. “It’s not on the level of the African slave trade,” which brought 10 million people to the Americas, but the earliest history of the European colonies in the Americas is marked by Native bondage. “If you go up to about 1680 or 1690 there still, by that period, had been more enslaved Indians than enslaved Africans in the Americas.”

A young Amazon Indian slave bares horrific scars of the Rubber Boom A young Amazon Indian slave bares horrific scars of the Rubber Boom Credit: © R Casement

A young Amazon Indian slave bares horrific scars of the Rubber Boom A young Amazon Indian slave bares horrific scars of the Rubber Boom Credit: © R Casement

A young Amazon Indian slave bares horrific scars of the Rubber Boom A young Amazon Indian slave bares horrific scars of the Rubber Boom

The practice dates back to the earliest history of the European colonies in the future United States. Take the example of the Pequot who were enslaved in 1637 after clashing with the English. As Newell writes in a new book, Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery, by the time the ship Desire transported the defeated Pequot men and boys to the Caribbean, colonists in New England, desperate for bodies and hands to supplement their own meager workforce, had spent years trying out various strategies of binding Native labor.

During the Pequot War, which was initially instigated by struggles over trade and land among the Europeans, the Pequot, and rival tribes, colonists explicitly named the procurement of captives as one of their goals.

Rushforth points to instances of Apaches and other Plains peoples being sold, through Quebec, to the Caribbean. “There were Plains Apaches who showed up on sugar plantations in Martinique,” he said.

Snyder points to the story of the Westo Indians, a group originally from around Lake Erie, who spoke an Iroquoian language. They left the North in the middle of the 17th century, and moved to the Southeast. “But then the colonists got anxious, or they were afraid that this group was too powerful,” Snyder said; in 1680, a group of Carolinians armed the Savannah Indians and empowered them to break the Westos’ strength in the area. The remaining Westos were, themselves, sold to the Caribbean as slaves.

* Excerpts above from a January 18th 2016 article by Rebecca Onion



Sky-rocketing demand for Amazonian rubber was kick-started when US company Goodyear discovered vulcanization – a process that makes rubber hard enough to use for car tires. The breakthrough gave rise to the first mass production of cars by industry leader, Ford.

In just 12 years, Casement estimated that 30,000 indigenous people had been enslaved, tortured, and murdered to provide for Europe and the United States’ growing demand for rubber.

‘We are sent far, far into the forest to get rubber, and if we do not get it, or if we do not get it quickly enough, we are shot,’ Omarino told the Daily News.

Many of today’s uncontacted Indians are descended from the survivors of the rubber boom atrocities, who fled into remote headwaters to escape the killings, torture and epidemics that decimated the indigenous population.

After receiving the photographs of her ancestors, Fany told Survival, ‘Every nation did its bit to exterminate indigenous people: Colombia neglected them; Peru was mastermind and accomplice to the holocaust; England financed it, and Brazil uprooted Indians to work on the rubber plantations.’

It is not known what became of the two slaves, whose parting words to the Daily News were, ‘London is very wonderful, but the great river and the forest, where the birds fly, is more beautiful. One day we shall go back.’ It is not known whether either returned home.

Survival International Director Stephen Corry said today, ‘The rubber boom may seem like remote history, but its effect is still with us. When the West began its marriage to the motor car, its love letters were written in Indian blood. It provoked a gross crime against humanity which was perpetrated by a British company in the Witoto area. The parallel should not be exaggerated, but today there are still British companies, such as Vedanta Resources, planning the theft of tribal land, this time in India. It’s time to put a stop to these crimes and start treating tribal people like human beings.’

* Excerpt above from Survival International.



In the American South, European slave traders, mostly British colonists who arrived there via the Caribbean island of Barbados – operating out of Charles Town (now called Charleston) – the city they founded, in South Carolina, engaged in a thriving business selling enslaved native Americans who were made to walk all the way from the interior locations where they were captured – to waiting ships that would carry them to Barbados, New York, Antigua and other ports in the Atlantic world, where they would spend the rest of their lives working as slaves for Europeans.

The numbers are difficult to calculate but an estimate of 50,000, perhaps more, American Indians were exported from Charleston alone. Thousands more were exported from ports like Boston and Salem, and on a much smaller scale, by the French from New Orleans. Untold numbers, which scholars are just beginning to calculate, will ultimately include the thousands who were not exported from their region but lived out their lives as slaves on plantations in Virginia, as farm laborers in Connecticut and as domestic servants in New France.

Although the scale of enslavement pales in comparison to the African slave trade in general, it is notable that from 1670 to 1717, far more American Indians were exported from Charleston as slaves – than Africans were imported as slaves. Scholars have long known about the Indian slave trade, but the scattered nature of the sources deterred a systematic examination. No one had any conception of the trade’s massive extent and that it played such a central role in the lives of early Americans and in the colonial economy.

Most importantly we can now tell the stories – the tragedies – that befell so many who were killed in slaving wars or spent their days as slaves far from their homes. They and their peoples have been largely forgotten. The Natchez, Westo, Yamasee, Euchee, Yazoo and Tawasa Tribes are among the dozens of Indian peoples who fell victims to the slaving wars, with survivors forced to join other native communities to survive.

Indian slavery is an important part of South Carolinas history that many know nothing about (all we hear is about the Barbados-Carolinas connection’ as if it was some ‘great thing’ to celebrate….a group of racist English slave traders in the Carolinas AND in Barbados destroying entire tribes of people – for personal profit…..tell us about THAT why don’t you?).

No other state has as many historic documents that chronicles Native American slavery as South Carolina. As the historian Lauber concludes – American Indian slaves were most numerous in South Carolina and the number of Indians exported was larger than that from any other colony.

Indian slavery in colonial South Carolina made a large and indelible mark upon the tribal histories of the American Indians not only of South Carolina, but of the Southeastern United States. In short, the destiny of many of the American Indian Tribes of the region was influenced and determined by Indian Affairs which centered in Charleston.

Indian slave trade was expanded when a Scottish Colony was started in Port Royal island South Carolina in 1684. The first law relating solely to slavery was passed in 1691. This law was operative for almost two decades. The Assembly passed a regulation for slaves so comprehensive that it deserves to be called South Carolina’s first slave code. Much of the verbiage for this slave code was borrowed, in large part, from the Barbados Slave Code of 1688. The South Carolina statute defined any Negro, Mulatto or Indian who had been bought or sold as such, to be a slave, and the status of slave was extended to the children of such persons.

Although some historians contend that Indian slavery (in the USA) dwindled after the Yamasee war of 1715-1716, but quite the opposite is true. There were now even more Indians to be slaves and their labor was in demand. There was an estimate of more than 2,000 Indian slaves in South Carolina in 1724. Indian slaves were branded like cattle…with the most common spot for branding men was on their right or left breast, with the first and last initials of the owner.

* Excerpt above from William Moreau Goins Ph.D.

The Great Sachem/Chief Metacomet (aka 'King Phillip') of the Wampanoag

The Great Sachem/Chief Metacomet (aka ‘King Phillip’) of the Wampanoag – his wife Nanuskooke and only child – a 9 year old son, were sold into slavery in Barbados…where the descendant of his bloodline may still exist – unawares of this ancestry – to this day.

We all read about the notorious Amerindians slavery the Spaniards unleashed in the Greater Antilles & the Bahamas on Taino-Arawaks, but here are some more that we do NOT hear about in our history books in chronological order:

1511 – King Ferdinand of Spain issued an authorization in December of this year for the taking of Amerindian slaves from Barbados, the vast majority of local Igneri-Arawaks were captured by Spanish slave raiding ships and sent to Hispaniola where they were worked to death.

1518 – King Charles V of Spain wrote to Rodrigo de Figueros (the Judge he sent to Hispaniola) – and instructed him that the Igneri-Arawaks taken from Barbados to Hispaniola were to be treated as the natives of Hispaniola (the Taino-Arawaks) were being treated.

1585 – A Ruttiers publication mentions an advertisement referring to the islands of ‘Barbudos’ at 13 degrees latitude north (the exact position of Barbados which at that time was 2 islands, the smaller ‘Pelican Island’ was only joined to the main island in the last 60 years). It also mentions that the Dutch had captured and taken the LAST Igneri-Arawaks they found on Barbados with them to start the Guiana colony.

1626 – Sir William Courteen claimed Barbados for the Crown of England and financed a settlement with 80 Europeans and 10 African slaves, later the same year another 90 European settlers (with a few kidnapped pubescent English girls this time) were sent to the colony. Also later this same year 40 Igneri-Arawaks from the Dutch colony in Guiana were sent to Barbados as the English had paid for the Dutch to send them to teach the English how to plant cassava and Tobacco…elders among these 40 Igneri-Arawaks it is recorded, told Captain Powell that their ancestors had formerly lived on Barbados and they were taken to Guyana against their will by the Dutchmen.

1628 – James Hay, the Earl of Carlisle, who had secured patents for Barbados from King Charles I of England, sent Captain Wolverstone to Barbados with 64 men – who immediately enslaved the 40 Igneri-Arawaks that had been peacefully teaching the settlers how to plant Cassava and Tobacco.

One Arawak escaped and returned to Guyana on a Dutch ship and told the tale to his tribe – the result created such anger among the Lokono-Arawaks of Guyana (who spoke the same language as the Igneri and considered them to merely be the island dwelling branch on the tribe – not a separate people) that they threatened to kill EVERY Dutch person in Guyana if the 39 remaining enslaved Igneri-Arawaks in Barbados were not released and returned to Guyana…the Dutch Governor had to marry the daughter of a powerful Kalina-Carib Chief in Guyana in order to get that tribe to protect him….but he still had to pay the English colonists in Barbados a ransom to get the Igneri-Arawaks back.

NB – I personally feel that ‘Igneri’ is just a ‘European-ear corruption of ‘Kairi’ – which in Lokono-Arawak just means ‘Island’…as in the context of describing yourself as ‘Kairi-Lokono’ (which means in our language ‘Island People’ or ‘People of our tribe who live on the islands’…just as you kave Kuna who live on mainland Panama and Kuna who live on offshore islands, same tribe of people – not two separate ones), and the ‘Lokono’ suffix was simply dropped from the familiar linguistic laziness endemic in humans who encounter words of a culture different to them….for no-one disputes the fact that the Lokono of Guyana spoke the SAME language as the so-called ‘Igneri – and furthermore were even willing to go to war to rescue them….not a behavior that one normally sees from one tribe for a separate tribe of people…..but common for one people to rally in defence of their OWN people – in this manner.

You have to remember that Europeans in these times recorded words as they sounded to each INDIVIDUAL scribe, we told the English we call a certain fruit ‘Sarosaka’ and the English wrote down the name ‘Sour-sop’ that you know today JUST FOR EXAMPLE PROOF…so a scribe next door might hear ‘Corrie’ and write it down as ‘Corry’/’Curray’, ‘Kori’/’Koree’ etc….leaving you the reader today to assume that the documents were referring to 5 different people – when in fact it was one man who’s name was spelled as the 5 different persons hearing it ‘felt’ it was spelled. Furthermore – NO native tribe of the Americas had a written Alphabetical language in use in the this time period of reference in human history. ‘Kairi’ to ‘Igneri’ is not anything too difficult to logically expect from European scribes.

1632 – A CLUE YEAR – the ‘Heavy intoxication of European settlers from Amerindian made Cassava-beer in Barbados was noted by Campbell. Only Amerindian women know to make Cassava alcohol and no Sugar Cane Rum was yet being produced in Barbados. It points to the fact that there were still Amerindian women in Barbados creating it for the Europeans.

1636 – ANOTHER CLUE YEAR – The Barbados Council resolved that ‘Indians and Negroes should serve their English masters for life – unless a contract had been made prior’. Obviously there had to have been Amerindians (aka ‘Indians’ in these days) in Barbados to necessitate such a law.

1637 – During the war against the Pequot Tribe in North America orders were given to kill all the Pequot men and take the women and children prisoner – to be sold in Barbados and other English colonies. The almost white-skinned (sallow hue ‘yellow’) Susquehannock Indians were also exiled to the island of Barbados, Bequia and Bimini in this year…and they were the source of the name ‘Ecky-Beckies’.

1634 – Whites in an official Barbados census numbered 37,000 and there were 6,000 African slaves and an unrecorded number (estimated to be in the low thousands) of Amerindian women from North & South America and the Caribbean -who were wives of the English settlers in Barbados.

1652 – The German Heinrich Von Uchteritz who was living in Barbados at the time recorded that ‘Most Barbadian born persons were half English/half Amerindians of sallow complexion’.

1657 – Richard Ligon who had lived in Barbados in 1647 – published a history of Barbados and he clearly stated that the English men preferred Amerindian women as wives and the practice was widespread on the island, he also noted that African slaves were used as field labour and Amerindian men were used as fishermen “for they were much better at it”.

1664 – Governor John Yeamans led a party of Englishmen colonists from Barbados to start the English colonies of the Carolinas in the USA, they immediately started slave raids on the Westo and Stono tribes…and the captives they obtained were sold or traded in Barbados at great financial profit – with local whites taking the women as wives and concubines or trading the men for African slaves.

1667 – Barbados was such a major and notorious hub of Amerindian slavery in the Caribbean that according to Forbes, the term ‘to Barbadoes’ someone – was synonymous with being kidnapped and expelled to the Caribbean

1668 – In the Price Deposition English Governor Willoughby of Barbados reported on the ‘longstanding and rampant kidnapping of Amerindian women from Dutch Guiana (primarily Lokono-Arawaks).

1671 – Quaker George Fox visited Barbados and reported that ‘the majority of English settler families had Amerindian wives/mothers. In this same year the Barbadian English colonist settlers of the Carolinas were enslaving the Kusso Tribe and exporting them for sale in Barbados – and that their mixed race children were recorded as ‘white’ on their day of Baptism….thereby eliminating any paper trail for all the present day white Barbadians to be able to trace back their hidden Amerindian ancestry!

1674 – Captain Peter Wroth set sail from Barbados on his ship the ‘Savoy’ for the Dutch Guiana coastline in South America, he had a legal mandate from Barbados English Governor Lord Willoughby and his successor in 1673 – Sir Peter Colleton…’to capture Arawak Indians for sale in Barbados’.

In this same year the Barbadian English colonist settlers of the Carolinas were also enslaving the Sowee and Apalachee tribes and exporting them to Barbados for the Amerindian slave market.

* 1675 – Samuel Parris who owned a successful sugar plantation in Barbados (as did his brother Thomas Parris), purchased two Lokono-Arawak Indians (one older female and one younger male) that were captured together the year before by Captain Peter Wroth’s slave raiding expedition to the Guianas, he renamed them both as ‘John Indian (for the male) and ‘Tituba’ (for the female). This is the woman so often MISREPRESENTED as a African slave in the fanciful re-telling of the infamous ‘Salem Witch Trials’…see years 1680, 1689, and 1692 below to get your facts straight on this LOKONO-ARAWAK woman at the centre of this real historical drama. I can even tell you a fact that the people who want to portray her erroneously as an African woman do NOT know, namely that ‘Tituba’ means the same as ‘Aunty’ in the Lokono-Arawak language, and Parris assumed this was her name because the younger Arawak man he purchased – who was captured with her on the coastline in Guyana – was either her actual blood nephew – or merely any younger male in the tribe – who as was custom (and still is in our tribe) would refer to her with this term of endearment only – and never by her real name (for that would be the height of disrespect), hence he heard ‘John’ referring to her as ‘Tituba’ incessantly, and Parris logically concluded (since he was NOT a speaker of the Lokono-Arawak language) – that her name must be ‘Tituba’…..case closed.

ALSO in 1675 – 160 Wampanoag Indians were captured in the USA and exported to Barbados – where they were sold and traded for African slaves.

Among these 160 Wampanoag’s were the Great Chief Metacomet’s (aka ‘King Philip’) wife Nanuskooke and their young son, they were sold for 1 pound sterling each and purchased by a local English planter. In all 900 Wampanoag Indians were sold as slaves in Barbados, in this year Major Scott wrote of observing ‘light skinned slaves without shirts or shoes being driven by overseers in Barbados with African slaves.

* 1680 – Samuel Parris immigrated to Boston, Massachusetts USA with his family AND the two Arawak Indian slaves he purchased five years earlier in Barbados.

1682 – The Spanish Governor of Florida wrote that ‘The English of South Carolina were capturing Native Florida Indians from the Spanish missions to sell as slaves in the island of Barbados.

Early plantation deeds in Barbados DO record Amerindian slaves with Spanish names arriving in Barbados in this period.

* 1689 – The now ‘Reverend’ Samuel Parris moves to Salem and founded his own Puritan Church.

* 1692 – Reverend Samuel Parris discovers his female Arawak Indian slave ‘Tituba’ performing a ritual (what I recognize as merely a traditional Lokono-Arawak puberty rite of passage – since my own daughter had one done for her herself by her grandmother & mother when she was 13, and it is THE most sacred & important ceremony for a young female that takes her from girlhood to womanhood) for his daughter Elizabeth, his niece Abigail – and two other of their friends Ann Putnam and Elizabeth Hubbard.

Parris being an ULTRA conservative ‘Fire & Brimstone’ Bible-thumping religious nut-job immediately imagined the ritual that included a fire, Tobacco smoke and nudity, to be some ‘Devil practice’ and he accused Tituba of being a witch….and THIS was the origin of the infamous Salem Witch Trials – in which 19 innocent men and women were hanged for practicing ‘Witchcraft’.

1707 – An account printed in London by Governor John Archdale – reported that Yamasee Indians who were under English Governance in the American Colonies – were ‘kidnapped by Spanish raiders who sold them as slaves to Barbados as was usual’.

1708 – Native Americans from as far away as Illinois such as members of the Ute Tribe, were being captured and exported to Barbados for sale or trade by the English settlers of the Carolinas.

1739 – SEMI-FINAL CLUE – The Barbados Parliament enacted legislation permitting slaves to give evidence against the three categories non-white peoples existing in Barbados at the time – free Negroes, Amerindians, and Mulattos (who were recognized as mixtures of white & Negro, white & Amerindian or Negro & Amerindian)).

1783 – FINAL CLUE AS TO THE AMERINDIAN PRESENCE IN BARBADOS THAT IS ABSENT FROM OUR HISTORY LESSONS The Barbados Mercury newspaper published a notice for a runaway slave who escaped from the plantation of Samuel Mapp, a dark complexioned Amerindian called ‘James’, who was reported to be about five feet six inches tall.

NB – My Arawak grandmother lived on what was the former plantation lands of Samuel Mapp (later known as ‘Mapps College’ in my youth as it was turned into a private boy’s school, and several of my part Lokono-Arawak/part European cousins went to school there…and ALL of us used to go into the ancient Arawak Cave shrine (the most sacred traditional native site on the South East of the island of Barbados) between his property at the Bailey’s Plantation…but I was the only one in my family to conduct traditional Lokono-Arawak ceremonies in this cave-shrine in God only knows how long….I even invited 2 Kalinagos (Irvince & Kent Auguiste), 2 Wapishanas (Alma O’Connel & Ena Adrian), 1 Makushi (Eugene Isaac), 1 Akawaio (Desrey Fox), 1 Lokono (Gene La-Rose) and 1 Mayan elder (Micaela Wewe) to join me (so 9 of us in all) in a ceremony in this cave-shrine in 1994; to honor the ancestors (as 9 is a traditional Holy number in my own Eagle Clan of the Lokono-Arawak Tribe).